The attacks come after deadly clashes in Baghdad’s government zone between al-Sadr’s loyalists and Iraqi security forces.

Four militants were killed in reprisal attacks between rival Shiite militia groups in southern Iraq, two security officials said on Thursday, after violent clashes in Baghdad brought the country to the precipice of street warfare.

Iraqi security forces were swiftly deployed in the southern oil-rich city of Basra to contain the violence that erupted overnight between an armed faction of powerful cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and the Asaib Ahl al-Haq paramilitary group, lead by a key, Iran-backed rival, according to AP.

Two militiamen from al-Sadr’s group Saraya Salam and another two from AAH were killed in tit-for-tat attacks, the officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to brief the media. The details of the attacks were not immediately clear and there were conflicting reports.

The attacks come after clashes in Baghdad’s government zone between al-Sadr’s loyalists and Iraqi security forces left at least 30 people dead and over 400 wounded. The armed hostilities ended on Tuesday when al-Sadr called on his followers to withdraw.

The threat of more clashes looms as the political rivalry between al-Sadr and his Iran-backed rivals in the Coordination Framework bloc, which includes the leader of AAH, Qais al-Khazali, have not been settled.

Both camps disagree over the appropriate mechanism to dissolve parliament and hold early elections, key demands of al-Sadr. His party won the 2021 federal election but was not able to reach the legislative quorum to vote in a government that excluded his Iran-friendly rivals.

A Supreme Court session to decide on whether the judiciary can dissolve parliament, a demand of al-Sadr, has been postponed to next Wednesday. A negative ruling is expected to elicit a reaction from the cleric.

For now, the tensions appear to have migrated from Baghdad to the southern majority Shiite provinces where the state’s authority is frayed. Saraya Salam and AAH have been engaged in revenge attacks for years. The clashes in Baghdad led to the recent flare-up when al-Sadr’s militiamen attacked AAH’s offices.

In retaliation, AAH attacked al-Sadr’s militiamen and a battle ensued for several hours throughout the night. By Thursday morning, Basra’s governor, Asad al-Eidani, said calm had been restored.

Al-Sadr’s representative who goes by the Twitter moniker Salah Mohammed al-Iraqi hurled a personal attack against Khazali following the altercations, calling his militias “mad dogs.”

Khazali later instructed his followers not to be provoked by the comments and for AAH to close their offices until further notice.

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