“This fact that Amenhotep I’s mummy had never been unwrapped in modern times gave us a unique opportunity: not just to study how he had originally been mummified and buried, but also how he had been treated and reburied twice, centuries after his death, by High Priests of Amun,” said Sahar Saleem, the radiologist of the Egyptian Mummy Project.

How researchers in Egypt used computerized tomography (CT) scans to “digitally unwrap” the mummy of Pharaoh Amenhotep I is especially significant because the mummy was one of the few found in the last few centuries not yet opened.

The mummy of Amenhotep I, who ruled from about 1525 to 1504 BCE, had been X-rayed in 1932 but had not been unwrapped due to its “perfect wrapping” and decorations of flower garlands and “exquisite face mask,” topped with a painted cobra, researchers write in the peer-reviewed research journal Frontiers in Medicine.

They sought to use computerized tomography because it is more accurate than X-rays and can create 3-D images of bones and organs.

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