Preventing a repetition of that awful history creates yet another incentive for the United States to remain engaged and to support all credible efforts at containing the conflict and, ultimately, bringing a durable peace to Ethiopia.
It appears the political leader who did so much to provoke the Tigrayan rebels, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, has engineered a military comeback. Mr. Abiy rallied Ethiopia’s regular armed forces, enlisted thousands in hastily formed militias — and, most decisively, deployed a swarm of armed drones newly acquired from Turkey, Iran and the United Arab Emirates. Tigrayan forces that had gotten to within 135 miles of Addis Ababa retreated under intense bombardment and have now withdrawn to their home region, according to a Dec. 19 announcement from Tigray’s de facto leader.
That statement included a call for negotiations, which — encouragingly — Mr. Abiy did not greet by pressing his advantage on the battlefield. Instead, he announced last week that his forces will halt their advance at Tigray’s borders. Mr. Abiy’s relative restraint may reflect his concern for outside pressure, including from the Biden administration, which has threatened to limit U.S. market access for roughly $150 million worth of Ethiopian exports under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. A final decision on that possible sanction is due Jan. 1. By facilitating humanitarian aid to Tigray and releasing ethnic Tigrayans and others his forces took as political prisoners in Addis Ababa, Mr. Abiy could start rebuilding trust with his own ethnically diverse people and with international mediators from the United States, Europe, the United Nations and the Organization of African Unity.
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